Building A Hog Trap
The trap we'll be showing you is our standard hog trap. It's 4'x8'x4' with a 4'x4' rear load out door and a side swing continuous catch front door.
Here's a little bit of information on the trap and some explanation on some of the features of the trap.
- We use 1 1/2" x 1/8" angle iron throughout the trap. 1" angle iron is strong but big hogs can be stronger and we've seen 1" angle iron bent out against the angle. So if you want to catch the big strong hogs you need a big strong trap.
- 4"x4" square welded wire panel is the optimum panel to use. Many people will use the 4"x8" panel sometimes referred to as cattle panel but this panel is less than desirable for a few reasons. First, piglets and very small hogs can actually fit through the panel and will escape and second, it's possible for larger hogs to stick their head through the hole, get it stuck and die in the trap. I've seen hogs die from getting their head stuck on more than one occasion and the smaller hole panel makes that impossible. Finally, it's much stronger than the cattle or hog panel and stronger is always better.
- While the load out door looks similar to a guillotine door, it's purpose is not to fall and trap the hogs. The load out door is used to unload hogs live out of the trap and into a trailer or makes it much easier to drag a dead hog out that has been shot while inside the trap. It is also useful when you're having trouble getting hogs to enter the trap. If that's the case then simply tie the front door open, completely remove the rear load out door to make a "pass through" trap with the bait in the center. After a few days the hogs will grow accustom to entering the trap and then you can put the rear door back in, set the trip wire for the front door and hopefully next time you check it you'll have a trap full of hogs.
- The catch door is a side swinging "continuous catch" front door. Over years of trapping we have found this style door to be easy to build and easy to use. With the spring loaded door if there's only one hog in the trap when it is sprung it will give other hogs a chance to still enter the trap and it happens often. The best hog bait is another hog, so if one's already in the trap you're more likely to have another push it's way in and get trapped as well.
- We prefer big tall traps because hogs are more likely to enter a bigger trap than a smaller one, especially the big boars. If they feel like they're getting too confined they may not enter or may only enter a foot or so into the trap but not far enough to actually get trapped. With a higher ceiling and a wide door they are more likely to feel like they are just going through a hole in a fence and are much more likely to enter and get trapped.
- The trip wire and the way we set it up is very simple and is the most effective trip we have used. It's very versatile and can be configured as high or as low as you want, the trip wire tension can be very tight and you can adjust the holding wire to make the trip line as sensitive or as hard to trip as you would like by simply bending the 10ga copper wire.